Notes to the consolidated annual financial statements | Note 9

9. Property, plant and equipment
 
Rm   Land and 
buildings
 
Network 
infrastructure 
& equipment 
Other 
assets 
Total   
31 March 2016     3 327  35 650  767  39 744    
Cost     5 554  69 398  1 823  76 775    
Accumulated depreciation and impairment losses     (2 227) (33 748) (1 056) (37 031)   
Additions     299  8 937  175  9 411    
Disposals     (9) (97) (2) (108)   
Foreign currency translation differences     (80) (2 002) (43) (2 125)   
Depreciation     (190) (7 124) (143) (7 457)   
Impairment losses (Note 2)    –  (18) –  (18)   
Net transfer from intangible assets (Note 10)    (22) 401  382    
Business combination (Note 22)    –  115  –  115    
Transfer to non-current assets held for sale (Note 12)    –  (6) –  (6)   
Category transfers and other     89  154  –  243    
31 March 2017     3 414  36 010  757  40 181    
Cost     5 126  66 272  1 787  73 185    
Accumulated depreciation and impairment losses     (1 712) (30 262) (1 030) (33 004)   
Additions     167  9 303  197  9 667    
Disposals     (1) (111) (5) (117)   
Foreign currency translation differences     (50) (1 043) (25) (1 118)   
Depreciation     (175) (7 663) (187) (8 025)   
Impairment losses (Note 2)    –  (4) –  (4)   
Net transfer to intangible assets (Note 10)    14  (67) (2) (55)   
Category transfers and other     139  95  (234) –    
31 March 2018     3 508  36 520  501  40 529    
Cost     5 228  71 245  1 558  78 031    
Accumulated depreciation and impairment losses     (1 720) (34 725) (1 057) (37 502)   

The carrying amount of network infrastructure and equipment includes R1 472 million (2017: R1 453 million) in relation to assets held under finance leases (Note 18).

The Group’s South African operations pledged certain of its property, plant and equipment with a carrying amount of R1 472 million (2017: R1 453 million) as security against borrowings with a fair value of R1 634 million (2017: R1 523 million) (Note 18). The respective pledges are limited to the carrying amount of the borrowings.

Included in the carrying amount of network infrastructure and equipment and other assets are, assets in the course of construction, which are not depreciated, with a cost of R362 million (2017: R55 million) and R13 million (2017: R1 million) respectively.

Certain of the Group’s operations received government grants to advance universal access to communications by constructing telecommunication infrastructure. Unfulfilled conditions relate to the completion of the asset.

In the current year, directly attributable staff expenses of R821 million (2017: R742 million) were capitalised.


Notes to the consolidated annual financial statements | Note 9